India is a hub where all types of sports goods aremanufactured. There are certain districts and states that particularly producesports goods in the factories. We are also one of the brands that manufacturesports goods. We basically specialise in the production of Cricket Balls. Wemanufacture Cricket Balls for Test Cricket, One Day Cricket, 20-20 Cricket,50-50 Cricket, International cricket tournament, Ranji Cricket, practicematches, etc. The types of cricket balls are dependent on a variety of factorslike colours of balls, quality of balls, balls for different matches, etc. Onthe very basis of colours the cricket balls are manufactured in two colourswhich are:
1) Red Balls- The balls that are red incolour for playing cricket, are tanned in red colour while they aremanufactured. The manufacturing process’ very first step includes the dyeing ofthe leather for making a red ball. Red ball is widely used around the world forplaying cricket like in tournaments, 20-20 cricket matches and also for leisureplaying as is continued with a Red Ball.
2) White Balls- The balls that are white incolour needn’t to be dyed for the leather that is brought to manufacture themis already white in colour. Some of the balls are dyed with white colour aswell. The balls that are not dyed in white colour are a bit pale in appearanceas the white colour very soon turns to pale yellow. The balls that arepreferred for playing are the balls that aren’t dyed white. It is because theballs with a weary appearance encourages a good gripping by the players. Hence,a professional player would choose a ball that isn’t polished over a polishedone.
These were the two categories onthe basis of colours of the cricket ball. Now, we will come to the other categoryof the quality of the balls. Although same balls are used for all sorts ofmatches but they differ from each other in quality aspect. The quality of theballs depends upon the quality of the leather used. And on the basis of theleather, the quality of the balls can be divided into three categories whichare as follows:
1) High Quality cricket balls- High Qualitycricket balls are produced with the similar leather as the other balls. Thequality of the leather decreases with the thickness of the leather. In otherwords, as the thickness of the leather decreases, the quality and durability ofthe ball also decreases. So, the balls with a higher quality are the ones thatare manufactured with the highest quality thick leather sheet. And only thehigh quality balls are produced in our factories for sale so that our customersencounter no such quality issues with the ball after purchasing it. The balls are available in both the coloursi.e. red and white.
2) Medium Quality cricket balls- The mediumquality cricket balls are produced with the leather that is not thick enough toendure the wear and tear. Its thickness depends upon the leather sheet that isused to produce them. Although the balls are not that ineffective to play butare generally not preferred for big reputed matches. The balls are available inboth the colours i.e. red and white.
3) Low Quality cricket balls- The lowquality cricket balls are produced with the leather that is very low and not atall thick enough to hold. These balls are basically used by the local peoplefor playing cricket as a game for enjoyment and leisure. These people do notuse the ball at a stretch like the National and International matches that areplayed using the High quality balls.
These are the types of balls onthe basis of the quality of the leather. The quality of the ball depends uponthe thickness of the leather. Although leather is a significant part thatdetermines the quality of the balls but cork also plays another essential rolefor deeming a good quality ball. More thick and hard the cork more will be thedurability and quality of the ball.
Besides determination of thetypes of balls on the basis of colours and quality, we divide the types of theballs on the basis of the production of the ball. The production of the ball isdependent on the pieces of leather used to make a ball. They can be dividedinto two categories:
1) Two-pieceleather ball- a two piece leather ball is manufactured by using just thetwo pieces of leather that are wrapped around the ball. The ball doesn’t lastfor long. It is not at all preferred by the professional players or for thatmatter not even by the local people who purchase cricket balls for leisure andenjoyment purposes. The reason behind its non-prefer ability is the early wearand tear of the ball, opening of the stiches, tearing of the leather,deformity, etc. It can probably be used by the children who are fond of cricketballs or play cricket at home or with friends.
2) Four-pieceleather ball- a four-piece leather ball is produced with the four pieces ofleather that are wrapped around the ball. The balls with four-piece leather arethe ones that we manufacture. The possible reason for our manufacturing a four-pieceleather ball is because it is the largest selling ball and it is the foremostpreference of all the professional cricket players. The professional cricketplayers cannot manage the whole game with a two-piece leather ball. Afour-piece high quality leather ball is resistant to all the wear and tear thatis undergoes and can be used throughout the match. The four pieces of leatherare joined by the thread and are strengthened enough for the challenges thatcome in its way.
These are the categories of ballson the basis of their production process.
Let us now come to the productionof cricket balls, i.e. how the balls are manufactured. The manufacturing of thecricket balls in our factories happen through a manual process. The process ofmanufacturing cricket balls in India is labour intensive and doesn’t requireany machinery for the same. The labour intensive handmade production of thecricket balls is the aspect that makes our brand more unique. The productswhich are handmade are always made with whole dedication and effort whichappears on the ball and hence stand out from any other manufacturing company.Handmade manufacturing is the evidence that India is a country that specialisesin handicrafts and these cricket balls are one of a kind.
The raw materials that arerequired to make the cricket balls are as follows:
1) Cork-Cork is one of the impermeable buoyant material, i.e. a prime subset of thebark tissue that consists of dead cells. Cork is brought from the factoriesthat are located in the nearby areas. The cork basically forms the base of theball over which the leather is sewn. The cork can be tough, hard, light, soft,etc. These properties of the corkdetermine the strong foundation of a ball and also its durability.
2) Leather-Leather is a material that is formed from the animal skin. The animals that areused to obtain the leather are buffalo, snakes, rabbits, etc. The reason behindusing animal skin or leather to make products is that the leather products arehighly durable, have a very finished appearance and have a very good texture.The leather is brought from the nearby located factories that manufactureleather. The colour of the real leather is basically the colour of the skinwhich is then died into different colours (if required) for its transformationinto a commercial product.
3) Thread-The thread that is used of stitching the leather wrapped over the ball is acotton thread. The cotton thread comes up in different varieties. It can besingularly rolled and formed into a thread which won’t have a good tensilestrength. Whereas the singular yarns are also integrated to form good strengthwith 100% tensile strength. The threads with 100% tensile strength are used forstitching the leather wrapped onto the cricket ball. The reason why thin plastic rolls are notused for stitching the leather wrapped on the ball instead of a cotton threadis that the plastic thread breaks earlier and is not at all stout enough tobear the wear and tear with the balls. The other reason for not using a plasticthread is that the cotton threads wear out with the wear out time of the ballbut a plastic thread doesn’t serve the purpose.
These are the raw materialsrequired for the production of cricket balls. And the process is stated below:
Step 1- The cork, leather and thread are brought from the nearbylocated factories in bulk quantities so as to manufacture the balls in goodquantity.
Step 2- After the delivery of the cricket balls to ourfactory, our technicians start to work effortlessly for the production of thecricket balls. Each technician is assigned one or the other department for thecontinuation of the production process.
Step 3- Leather sheets that are brought are allowed to dipinto the water for some time. Afterwards when they are taken out from thewater, they are again dipped into another bucket containing the dyes in whichthe leather is tanned with a colour which is either red or white. When thecolour on the leather appears intact and accurate, then the leather sheets aretaken out. The wet leather sheets are allowed to dry. The drying of the leathersheets is brought to a halt when the sheet is not entirely dried. Drying aleather sheet entirely would lead to stiffness which resists stitching with athread after enclosing the ball in the leather casing.
Step 4- After drying the leather sheets (not entirely) thecork for establishing the base of the ball is brought into shape by carving itinto a spherical shape. For a high quality ball that is manufactured in ourindustry, the most strengthened cork is used for gripping, catching, etc. For alow and medium quality ball the cork which doesn’t hold much strength or is alittle less strengthening.
Step 5- Since, the process of the cork has now beenexecuted, then a thin leather sheet is cut to cover the shape of a cork ball.It is then wrapped around the cork so as to smoothen and cover the cork beneaththe thin leather sheet.
Step 6- Now, for a four-piece leather ball, a four pieceleather casing is made with the dyed leather. The leather casing is thenadjusted around the ball and then the stitching process is carried out. Thestitching is also done manually and it stitches the ball and seals the gaps inbetween the leather casing very minutely and neatly. Now the leather case iscovered with a slightly raised sewn seam that goes throughout the diameter ofthe ball.
Step 7- After the ball is ready, we have small curved ironstamps that are of the size of the part of the curved surface of the ball. Thestamps are carved with the brand design i.e. “Ikshvaku”. It is then stampedover the red ball with a golden colour and stamped over the white ball with ared colour. It stamps the name of the brand and also the match type that theball will be used for.
Step 8- After completion of the stamping process, the ballsare polished so as to develop a shine on them which acts as a protective shieldand final touch for the stamp and the ball respectively. The polishes that weuse for our high quality and medium quality balls is wax polish. This polish ensures the protection of the ball. Theother polish used for polishing the low quality balls makes it shinier than thewax polished ones. Hence, the other low quality balls are slippery enough whichresists the bowler to use them as they cannot maintain a good grip in the handsof the bowler. That is the reason that the balls with wax polish are used forprofessional competitive matches by the bowlers for they maintain proper gripin the hands of the bowler.
These are the above eight stepsthat makes the balls eligible for the commercial process and ensure fullcustomer satisfaction. This is a kind of product that is manufactured manuallyin our factories.
Cricket Ball | Leather | Red | Test Grade
- Brand: Ikshvaku
- Product Code: Ikshvaku
- Availability: In Stock
Tags: Cricket Ball